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Wednesday, January 8, 2020

Corrections to the section on Gayatri mantra in my blog on Upanayanam

Happy New Year to all of you. 
I just returned from a memorable trip to India with 3 of my grandchildren. It was a heritage trip for the children to connect with their cousins in India and also with the art, architecture, music, history and the cuisines. I know they enjoyed it and I certainly did.
Now that I am back, I will work on the Asya Vamiya Sukta soon. Now, I wish to correct a mistake I made in an earlier blog.
I posted an essay on Upanayanam on October 1, 2011. It is the most visited essay at my blog site (more than 20,000). Therefore, I owe an apology to all those readers. I regret that I did not  verify the sources carefully before publishing.
Although the meaning of the mantra as I wrote is correct, my account of the variations in this  mantra in different Vedas was wrong. I feel humbled.
I used only one source, a book on Gayatri Mantra from a reputable source, in writing that version. I verified the source in Rg Veda; but did not verify the original sources for Yajur Veda and Atharva Veda. Now I have made more extensive research, and this is what I found.
The version in Rg Veda is in Book 3:62 (10). It starts with Tat saviturvarenyam….There is no vyahriti (Bhu, bhuvah, svaha) before the mantra
The version in Yajur Veda is in Book 36:3. This starts with the vyahriti (Bhu, bhuvah, svaha).There is no OM in either version. That was added later, probably after the Upanishads were composed. Brhadaranyaka Upanishad explains other meanings and variations in the meter (chandas) in Chapter 5, section 14.
Finally, Atharva Veda has a longer version with additional words  in the beginning and at the end. Atharva Veda emphasizes the need for proper initiation and proper pronunciation before uttering this version for fear of unwanted results.
Thank you.

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